Minerals, trace elements and other valuable substances ,components of sea algae, are extracted by a special procedure by the Bottger Group. These beneficial sea nutrients revitalise and refresh the skin. Evaluation of the so-valuable but hardly used substances in sea algae is a recent science. Millions of tons grow in the sea as well as lying visible in coastal waters. Though this material can be collected very simply and cheaply in really unlimited quantities, experience of using this resource is still in the early stage of development. Algae represents the most simple type of vegetable life. Due to their restricted freedom of motion, the algae depend on producing their own food. They can photo synthesise, which enables them to transform the Sun’s light energy into Carbonic Acid, water and Nitrogen and Mineral Salts into Protein. Their metabolism consists of Carbohydrates, fats, Vitamins and other products.
During the last sixty years profound investigations have revealed that there are over 17000 types of Algae, previously classified according to their main characteristics . However today, with modern equipment and knowledge, they are classified into seven main groups, subdivided into classes, formation and families.
The exact composition of Algae is still being researched and to date we know that there are remarkable differences according to the time they are harvested and that there at seasonal effects on their growth characteristics. Besides water, the main components of Algae are carbohydrates , protein, fat, mineral salts and vitamins. Algae has a remarkable quality it contains all essential (vital) amino acids(soleucine, leucine, valine and tryptophan). The approximate fat content is 20% but there are considerable differences between the types of families.
Altogether Algae contain about 60 different Elements. The proof of minerals and Trace Elements is very important in the manufacture of cosmetics. Today we know that a lack of Trace Elements provokes illnesses in the immune and body cell system, there is no life without Trace Elements and the deficiency of any one Trace Element can be the cause of cells dying with resulting illness in the body. Therefore it is very important to prove the existence in Algae of Sulphur, Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Sodium Chlorine, Iodine and Bromine, as well as several vital vitamins.
The above paragraphs indicate that the form of life considered primitive in Algae is fairly complicated when studied . Further study will release valuable knowledge and enable definite conclusions on the make-up and vital functions of higher organisms. Below, some of the different vitamins found in Algae are mentioned , highlighting their importance to the skin. The physiological importance of Vitamin A is that it gives protection against infections but a lack of it causes drying, scaling and callosity of the skin – the main cause of wrinkles.
Vitamin B1 or Thiamine belonging to the Vitamin B complex is known to be very important for the metabolism of the skin. According to scientific reports the amount of Vitamins B and C and the concentration of Thiamine in Algae, is comparable with the amounts found in many fruits and vegetables.
Riboflavin(B2) is of general importance for a healthy skin but an outstanding feature is that it aids skin cell respiration, a very important factor in cosmetics. The lack of B2 will cause spotted redness combined with flaking , sebaceous skin in the nasolabial sulcus.
It therefore important when drying the Algae that no loss of Vitamin B occurs. It seems of little importance from which depth the Algae is harvested. There is particular proof that in Springtime several of the brown and red Algae from the North Baltic seas, contain B12 and Folic Acid and that Autumn Algae have the highest content of Ascorbic Acid . Vitamin C is an important function carrier helping to form and preserve skin tissue . As this Vitamin is able to make a decisive contribution to activating cell metabolism, it is also of special interest to the Cosmetician as a disturbed cell metabolism considerably affects affects the skin.
In contrast to Vitamin B the content of Vitamin C in Algae when gathered in shallow waters is higher than that gathered from deep sea areas. Yet another Vitamin found in Algae is Vitamin E which holds a special place in cosmetics, it is the most used substance besides Vitamins A and F. Vitamin E leads to an increase of blood supply to skin tissue thus strengthening and tightening it.
The multiple beneficial nutrients found in Algae show it’s value for cosmetics, but we still need to conduct intensive research into it’s uses. Medical applications have been handed down through generations and can be traced back 3000 years BC. The Chinese used dried, pressed or bloated Algae for several afflictions. In old Polynesia , Algae were used because of their healing effects on wounds, contusions, cuts and inflammations. In Hawaii, watery extracts were used for gastric and intestinal troubles. The Chinese used Algae powder for burns, excoriation and cutaneous eruption. The fact that the Chinese and Japanese do not suffer from Goitre may be the result of Algae, which is very rich in Iodine, being used for food and as the main fertiliser used in these countries.
Although the modern cosmetic industry prizes and utilises the gelatinising ,bloating and emulsifying agents in Algae, it is still not readily recognised that multiple nutrients in Algae offer many possibilities for medicine and health products.
The natural composition of Algae with many minerals has great therapeutic value and effects which are also found in seawater. The cosmetic use of Algae therefore can be compared with a stay at the seaside and is connected likewise to sea medicine, increasing metabolism , improving the breathing cycle and effecting a rise in vasomotor abilities , because skin capillaries are better supplied with blood. The result is an improvement in the tightness of the skin and it’s elasticity – very important factors in cosmetics and skin care.
“Sea Factors”(high levels of Iodine and Sodium Chloride) are regarded as the prime repairer of skin hyper-emaciation. Long lasting domestic damage (inactivity atrophy) can successfully be repaired using Sea Algae to remove disturbed skin circulation or discomfort and train the skin vessels to maintain a healthy lustre. An Algae Mask will bring good results for acne as the vessels are enlarged and hyper-emaciation begins to activate the defensive powers of the skin against infection. It is also known that Algae have antibiotic properties. For instance some natives in the Pacific wrap their fish in Algae leaves to keep them fresh, here we can see the effect of Iodine being important in the case of skin where inflammation occurs, Iodine will also have a beneficial effect.
Sea Algae in cosmetics is both an old and a new science; “old” because Plinius the Elder reported that the women of Rome used rouge made from Red Algae(even nowadays the women of Kamchatka mix Algae fish oils to tint their cheeks ; “new” because it’s use in cosmetics is still being researched and reports handed down for several generations are still being clinically evaluated. Scientific research is still in it’s infancy but existing knowledge of Sea Algae means our cosmetics have the advantage of Nature itself being physiologically innocuous but still of enormous benefit to mankind.
Algemarin cosmetic products offer a complete facial treatment programme that guarantees an absolute maximum of skin care and cosmetic effect. A few thoughtfully co-ordinated products have been combined in this programme for the successful care of all different skin types. This programme consists of: Thorough cleansing, Purifying Body Refreshment, Protective Day Care, Nourishing Night Care and an invigorating Facial Mask.
The skin caring, protecting and nourishing substances of Algemarin cosmetic products are the result of many years of dedicated research. These valuable substances are distinguished by a high degree of quality and compatibility even when applied to the most sensitive skin.
Cleansing substances compatible with the skin: Cleansing milk components do not alter the pH balance of the skin and therefore preserve it’s natural protective acid covering. Though gentle, these components thoroughly cleanse the skin, effectively removing all impurities such as dust, make-up and excessive skin oils.
Moisturisers: Moisturisers protect the skin from dryness and help it to remain supple throughout the day.
Skin-affined Fats: The fat components used in the creams are compatible due to their similarity to natural skin oils. The skin is therefore protected from any excessive oil build up.